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Q1. How many species of newt are native to the UK?
Q2. How big do they grow?
Q3. What do newts eat?
Q4. How long do newts live?
Q5. How long do newts spend in the pond?
Q6. Can newts breathe under water?
Q7. Do only the male newts have a crest?
Q8. Where do newts go when they leave the pond?
Q9. What happens to newts in winter?
Q10. How many eggs will a female newt lay?
Q11. How many of these eggs will become adult newts?
Q12 Do newts bite or sting?
Q13. Can newts live in garden ponds?
Q14. How can I get newts to colonise my pond?
Q15. I have a specific question about; frogs, toads, newts, my pond?
Q16. where can I find out more about newts?
 
   
Q1. How many species of newt are native to the UK?

There are three species of newt native to the UK, the Great Crested newt, the Smooth newt and the Palmate newt.

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Q2. How big do they grow?

The Great Crested newt is our biggest newt and they can reach up to 18cm in length, the Smooth newt reaches about 10cm in length and the Palmate newt is the smallest reaching only 8cm in length.

All newts continue to grow throughout their life; consequently the largest individuals are normally the oldest. Female newts are always bigger than same age males, sometimes by as much as a third.

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Q3. What do newts eat?

All newts are predators from birth. They take a wide variety of live prey including; insects, frog tadpoles, invertebrates and earthworms.

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Q4. How long do newts live?

Given good habitat and avoiding accident/predators some individual newts can live for up to 15 years.

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Q5. How long do newts spend in the pond?

Adult newts only return to mate and lay their eggs in the pond and will normally only spend about four months between March and July in the pond.

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Q6. Can newts breathe under water?

In simple terms no, however they can absorb a limited amount of oxygen directly from the water through their skin. All newts will eventually drown if prevented from surfacing for air.

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Q7. Do only the male newts have a crest?

Yes, only male newts have a crest, it grows when the male returns to the pond in spring. It is absorbed into his body when he leaves the water at the end of the breeding season.

The crest is used to attract female newts and stimulate them into mating. The bigger and more impressive the males breeding crest the more chance he has of attracting a mate.

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Q8. Where do newts go when they leave the pond?

After leaving the pond all newts spend their days sheltering from predators and the sun under rocks, logs, overgrown boarders around compost heaps and in dry stone walling around the garden. They emerge at night or after rain to hunt for insects and earthworms.

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Q9. What happens to newts in winter?

In winter (from November to March) all newts take cover in frost free shelters; deep inside piles of rubble, compost heaps, dry stone walling, old brickwork, rabbit burrows, mouse and vole holes under fallen trees and logs. Exposure to a hard frost will kill them.

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Q10. How many eggs will a female newt lay?

A female newt depending on her size and the species can lay between 150 and 300 eggs during the spawning season. The exact number of eggs an individual female produces is dependent on her age, size and condition.

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Q11. How many of these eggs will become adult newts?

Less than one percent of all the eggs laid by a female newt will become adults.

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Q12. Do newts bite or sting?

In a word; no.

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Q13. Can newts live in garden ponds?

Yes, Smooth and Palmate newts have proved to be especially adept at establishing themselves in garden ponds and water features. Given the right conditions and a bit of management even small ponds/gardens can support surprisingly large breeding colonies.

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Q14. How can I get newts to colonise my pond?

Understanding their life cycle and basic habitat requirements is the key to successfully establishing newts in your pond and garden.

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Q15. I have a specific question about; frogs, toads, newts, my pond?

Email your question to questions@newtsinyourpond.com one of our experts will get back to you with the answer or advice.

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Q16. where can I find out more about newts?

The new book by James Grundy “Newts in your pond and garden” will answer all your questions in detail. It explains how to create newt friendly habitats, and establish newts in your pond and garden.

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